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My #JewishPrivilege and the Story of My Family Coming to America

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A black and white photo of a jewish man wearing a white shirt and dark pants holding hands with a small jewish girl wearing a dress

One day in middle school, when I was about 13 years old, I was walking up to school on a weekend for a special band practice session. I was running late, as usual, as my parents and I are a famously non-punctual family.

The sky was cloudy and overcast; as I approached the front door of the school, I thought I started to hear the dinging of raindrops on the metal roof. But as a dime hit the pavement in front of me, I realized that the sound was not from rain.

From a balcony above the front door, two boys from band class laughed as they continued to shower me with loose change. Mortified, I rushed through the front door and urged myself to forget what had happened. This was my first experience of religious discrimination

There was a time in my childhood when I was incredibly embarrassed to be Jewish. I am sure that many of us remember what middle school was like, how uncomfortable it was to be different, and how much we all desperately wanted to fit in.

Being Jewish was far from the only thing that made me unique; however, to grow up in the South as a Jew puts a target on your back and makes it difficult to feel pride in your cultural heritage.

I grew up in Charleston, South Carolina. Otherwise known as the Holy City, Charleston is a historic place with a skyline dotted with steeple after steeple. The Jewish community there is small, yet nowhere near nonexistent.

In fact, the synagogue where I was bat mitzvah-ed and later confirmed, Kahal Kadosh Beth Elohim, is one of the oldest congregations in America and contains the oldest continuously-used sanctuary in the country.

My journey to accepting my Jewish identity was tumultuous. As aforementioned, I resented my given religion for making me different. The way eyes always fell on me whenever the Holocaust was brought up in school.

I was sometimes expected to join hands and pray to Jesus when I would be invited to friends’ birthday parties, and I would be harassed for trying to embrace my Jewish identity. All of it, made me feel like an outsider, isolated and unforgivably different.

Recently, #JewishPrivilege started trending on Twitter. I am unsure whether this was started by a group of antisemites or as an ironic twist on the stereotype that Jews run the world. However, it made me reflect on how lucky I am that the worst antisemitism I have ever endured were threats of being sent to Hell by classmates claiming to be concerned for the fate of my soul. In the past, my family has seen much worse.

My great-grandfather on my dad’s side was named Leo Blau. Until the year 1933, he was a refrigeration engineer in Eastern Germany, where he lived close to his family and drove around the city smoking cigarettes and chatting with young women when he was not working.

Blau was successful, bringing the new technology of refrigeration to his hometown in Germany. Tragically, however, a feeling of uneasiness began to pervade his work life; when his manager joined the National Socialist Party, his sense of security decreased exponentially.

Blau was fortunate to have a supervisor that cared about him enough to help him get a transfer to Turkey. He left his entire family behind; only one of his siblings out of five brothers and sisters was able to escape Germany before the Holocaust began. Everyone in our family that remained in Germany was murdered by the end of the war.

In Turkey, Blau met a Jewish woman. They got married and had my grandmother Fanita, who I am named after. As the situation in Europe worsened, they feared they would have to flee the country to protect themselves.

My great-grandmother got pregnant again but was forced to have an abortion so that they could protect Fanita and be ready to flee Turkey at a moment’s notice. The three of them made it through the war alive and lived on to pass the story to my dad and his siblings.

He has since told me that Blau hardly ever spoke about his family that was murdered by the Nazis, just like many others who managed to survive the Holocaust. I mourn the family that I was supposed to have and who never got the chance to exist today.

My grandmother Fanita spent a few years working for a number of airlines in Turkey and then immigrated to the United States when she was about 25. While it is difficult to say what her experiences with antisemitism in the U.S. may have been like, my dad does know how in awe of America’s freedoms she was. Freedom of speech was something that she never had before in Turkey, and she reveled in it, according to my father.

According to the Anti-Defamation League (ADL), antisemitism in America is on the rise. 1,879 acts of hostility against Jewish people and organizations were reported to their database in 2018. The audit shows a marked increase in physical attacks and incidents in states all over the country.

Historians say that when we forget history, we are destined to repeat it. Bigots say that Jews bring up the Holocaust too much, that we embellish and exaggerate six million murdered and ignore the genocides happening today.

The situation that has arisen in cities like Portland has stopped those who remember history dead in their tracks; we seem to have forgotten what it took to kill the democracy in Germany in the mid-20th century.

The fights against antisemitism, racism, and police brutality in America are inextricably linked. Even as two distinct groups of people with different prominent stereotypes, Jews and Black Americans have joined together for decades to fight for equality for all.

We, as Americans, find ourselves at a critical turning point in history. If Jewish peoples chose apathy over action in regards to police brutality and protesters being kidnapped in unmarked vans, then we can expect injustices to be made against our communities for the rest of time.

I fear that there is a significant threat to democracy lurking in our country as President Trump threatens to delay the election in November and continues his experimentation with the secret police, signaling a potentially detrimental grab for power.

The only institutions that benefit from pitting minority groups against each other are ones that are built on and rely on the supremacy of the ruling class.

My #JewishPrivilege is that, hopefully, I will not be murdered for being Jewish like so many of my family members that I will never get to know. However, my fight as a Jew, as a member of the LGBTQIA+ community, and as a woman is not over.

Popular stereotypes contort the success of Jews in America and turn us into scapegoats for problems that are completely out of our control. To say that Jews control the media and all of the country’s money only serves to shift the blame away from those who truly wield too much power.

It is not a crime to be privileged; it is only an injustice to have privilege and refuse to use it to benefit the less fortunate. We, as communities that have been discriminated against for centuries, cannot waste time fighting each other when we share common challenges and a common goal.

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The Devastating Side of Fast Fashion

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An H&M storefront.
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What is Fast Fashion?

Fast fashion is cheap, mass-produced clothing that is often made trendy by celebrities and fashion designers. Retailers such as H&M, Forever21, Zara, Gap, Fashion Nova and Topshop are some of the most popular fast fashion brands although there are various others just in the U.S. Prices at these retail stores are low, which is part of the problem with fast fashion. If you buy a five-dollar shirt, you are likely to dispose of it more quickly than if the shirt is $25. This is because we tend to see cheap clothes as disposable. Over half of fast fashion pieces are thrown away in less than a year

Environmental Effects of Fast Fashion 

Teens and other shoppers sometimes don’t think twice about where their clothes are coming from or if the brands they shop are sustainable. But fast fashion comes at a price, and the environment is paying for it. 

The fashion industry produces around 8% of the world’s total greenhouse gas emissions. And the production of clothing requires a lot of water. Making a single cotton shirt requires 455 gallons (1,750 liters) of water, and one pair of jeans requires 780 gallons (3,000 liters). This has damaging effects on the environment, especially when so many of these clothing items are barely used. 

The fabric the clothing is made out of is a source of many environmental issues. Over 60% of materials are synthetic, which means that when this fabric ends up in landfills, it will not break down. And unfortunately, around 85% of textile waste ends up in landfills in the U.S.

Mass Production of Clothing 

Environmental sustainability isn’t the only concern when it comes to fast fashion. The production of the clothing is unethical. Garment workers are paid very low wages and typically suffer from hazardous working conditions. Many of these workers are located in developing countries that have low minimum wages. In Bangladesh, women who work in clothing factories often work upwards of 12 hours a day. They are paid minimum wage, which in Bangladesh is $68 a month, an insufficient salary. 

Racks of clothing in a store.
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Fast fashion brands are choosing to sell cheap, mass-produced clothing and to pay workers the lowest possible wage. If wages are “too high” in one country, fashion companies will sometimes hire their workers in a different country with lower wages. Garment workers are not paid for the true value of their labor. 

The Popularization of Fast Fashion 

Social media culture has popularized fast fashion to the point where it is now the new norm. Influencers and celebrities will post a picture in an outfit and then are never seen wearing that outfit again, normalizing the idea that you can’t be seen wearing the same clothes twice. I think many teenagers have learned from these influencers that they idolize, and these teens are contributing to fast fashion without necessarily knowing. 

Fast fashion is also being popularized by trends. There is a quick turnover in trends, and many stores keep up with trends by coming out with new collections every week. With each season, there are new “must-have” items, and our society has become accustomed to buying new clothes each season. The average consumer purchases 60% more clothing nowadays compared with15 years ago. In order to combat the culture of fast fashion, we as consumers must start changing our habits.  

How to do Your Part in Saving the Earth

  1. Educate yourself about sustainable fashion brands.

There are many companies that are ethical and have fair trade products. These brands are eco-friendly, which sometimes means they are more pricey. But remember, you are less likely to get rid of more expensive clothing quickly. 

  1. Buy secondhand clothing.

Find a local thrift store to shop at. Or shop secondhand items from home. For example, Depop is a popular app where you can buy used clothing. This is a cheaper option than many sustainable brands but still helps the environment by reducing textile waste. It’s also a great option if you are a college student on a budget. 

Racks of secondhand clothing.
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  1. Donate, reuse or sell old clothes. 

Rather than throwing away old clothing, donate it to your local charity or Goodwill store. It is also very beneficial to reuse old clothing. You can turn the pants you’ve grown out of into shorts, or make old shirts into dust rags. There’s almost always another use for your old clothing. Even selling old clothes on Depop, for example, is a good way for clothing to be reused and for making a little money. 

  1. Don’t overwash your clothing. 

Obviously, it is important to do laundry and wash your clothes, but there is such a thing as overwashing. When you wash clothing too frequently, it shortens its lifespan by shrinking or fading the clothes. This often causes the clothing to end up in a landfill far too soon. Overwashing also breaks down fibers of synthetic materials into microfibers that can end up in oceans. This can have detrimental effects on the environment, specifically on marine life. 

By changing our shopping habits and being aware of the dangers of fast fashion, we can reduce fast fashion’s negative impacts.

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Are Plant-Based Diets The Future or a Thing of The Past?

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A plate full of various plant based foods.
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Sticking to a plant-based diet is a thing that people have always done, but recently has made a comeback as a popular lifestyle choice. People on plant-based diets eat mostly fruits, vegetables, legumes, tubers, grains, and seeds, or concoctions that consist of one or more of those ingredients. You will not see people on these diets eating that much meat, such as beef, poultry, and fish, nor eggs or dairy, however, these foods are not always given up completely. 

Plant-based diets have existed and been followed for a very long time for various reasons. While some people decide to stop eating animals for moral reasons, others live by a plant-based diet because of the many health benefits. Different forms of plant-based diets include being vegetarian, vegan, pescatarian, fruitarian, and flexitarian, which allows for the consumption of some meat and dairy. 

Just because someone decides to live a plant-based lifestyle does not mean they have to give up eating meat or dairy completely. Most plant-based diets are flexible in the sense that you will not be breaking any rules if you eat a piece of meat here and there. Eating plant-based is more of a mindset in which one prioritizes eating plant-derived foods rather than eating mostly meat, fish, or dairy. A whole-food diet is a diet where people eat foods that are as close to their natural state as they can be, staying away from all processed foods, added sugars, and unnatural chemicals.

A popular plant-based diet is called the whole-food, plant-based (WFPB) diet, which consists of elements of both a plant-based diet as well as a whole-foods diet where a person does not eat any processed foods, artificial sweeteners, added sugars, refined grains, or hydrogenated oils. The WFPB diet also recommends people stick to eating mostly whole grains, legumes, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds. 

Heads of broccoli laying on a green background.
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Are Plant-Based Diets Beneficial?

There are many studies and claims saying that eating a strictly plant-based diet is in many ways incredibly beneficial for people’s health. These studies say that some benefits of this diet can include, lower total cholesterol, lower risk of developing type two diabetes, improved cardiovascular health, improved glycemic control, loss of weight if needed, protection from various forms of cancer, improved neurocognitive function, and prevention and management of Dementia and Alzheimer’s.

The Journal of the American College of Cardiology published a study in 2017 that looked at the effects of a fully conformant WFPB diet and compared them to the effects of someone on a plant-based diet but also ate processed foods. The results showed that people on WFPB diets were much less likely to have any sort of heart disease, while a plant-based diet that still includes processed food actually increases the overall risk of heart disease. More research that has been done over time has shown that sticking to a WFPB diet can also possibly decrease a person’s requirement for certain medications such as statins, medication for blood pressure, and various diabetes drugs. 

Even though there are many potential benefits of a plant-based diet, there have also been studies that show the opposite, claiming that plant-based diets can be more detrimental to someone’s health than beneficial.

“A plant-based diet sounds like it’d be inherently healthy, but that’s not always the case. Refined grains, added sugars, and vegan fast-food are all plant-based—but not the healthiest. Fruits, veggies, nuts, seeds, and some proteins make for more nutritionally sound choices,” Dietitian Nutritionist Kelly Plowe said.

Ensuring that you stick to the right diet that isn’t only plant-based but also naturally healthy is essential in getting the proper benefits that a plant-based diet can lead to. 

Some downsides of following a WFPB diet include the fact that like any diet, it becomes an obligation to pay more attention when preparing and planning what you are going to eat, as it is hard to constantly find affordable healthy foods that are not processed. Also, once meat has been omitted from a diet, it becomes a challenge to consume the amount of protein and other nutrients that are recommended and required to survive.

People who follow these diets need to ensure that they eat enough protein, calcium, iron, and vitamin B12. It is true that eating a plant-based diet can potentially lead to a lower intake of necessary daily nutrients. However, if the proper time and effort are put into meal planning, eating the right nutrients should not be a huge problem for most people who want to stick to WFPB or any plant-based diet.

A picture of a plant based burger in packaging called 'Beyond Burger'.
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The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has dietary guidelines that include recommendations on what foods to eat to maintain a healthy plant-based diet that still includes a bit of meat. Some of the foods that the USDA mentions include vegetables, dark, leafy greens such as kale, spinach, broccoli, Swiss chard, and green beans. Fruits, berries, grains, oats lean meats such as chicken breast, fish, or turkey breast. Beans and legumes, nuts and seeds, dairy such as milk and cheese, as well as natural oils are also on the list.

While not eating meat and dairy technically does not meet the USDA guidelines of a healthy, well-balanced diet, it has been shown and proven that with the right planning, it is absolutely possible to take in everything necessary in order to continue to thrive by following a plant-based diet.

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Pounds over Promise: The Cycle of Diet Culture and New Years Resolutions

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Food sitting on a white plate on a table with a fork and knife beside it.

At the start of a new year, everyone wants to start fresh. A few new styles, some changes to the daily routine, and sometimes, a big resolution. A very popular New Year’s resolution is to lose weight. How to do it? There are answers everywhere! Scrolling through Instagram, Facebook, or Twitter, there’s bound to be someone talking about a new diet they’re trying. Influencers have been infamous for peddling dangerous diets to fanbases of young women and girls. Even mothers are not free from their reach. Bloggers like lonijane on Instagram showed how her body looked before and after cheating on her vegan diet. The combination of New Year’s resolutions and these various diets is a recipe for disaster. Diet culture around the first month of the New Year is intense and even dangerous. 

What is “diet culture”? 

Diet culture is described as a desire to lose weight at all costs, and puts losing weight over wellbeing. It is a combination of advertisements and what the advertisements make us feel. The feelings of inferiority or discomfort with your body are precisely what the industry feeds off of. Whether it’s a new diet every week, or even directly associating worth with weight, it is hard to escape.

Especially around the start of the New Year, diet culture is pervasive. Even on January 1, it’s been shown that topics surrounding dieting and exercise spike in search volume. Some particularly cruel advertisements from gyms feed into a sense of inferiority and reap the profits. In 2017, about 10.8% of subscriptions to over 6,400 gyms happened in January. The nature of what a diet should be is also constantly changing: keto, juice cleanses, the baby food diet, paleo… reading through the advertisements is enough to give someone whiplash.

Impact of influencers on diet culture

The advertisements don’t only come from the corporations— or not directly. Influencers are a major way for corporations to boost their product. Ads are nothing new, but the personal nature of Instagram, where people will also post parts of their life, is something different. What’s especially worrisome is that these influencers often have a huge following of minors, intentionally or not. More than one-third of teenagers in Germany aged 14 to 17 deliberately seek out influencers. Over 84% of the content from female influencers is related to health, diet, and fitness. Attractive and uniform, they promote a singular way of living and looking. It’s easy and profitable for them to do it that way. The issue is that there are a wide variety of bodies that exist. There is no “one size fits all” for health. Allergies, chronic conditions, and genes are all important factors. 

An old newspaper clipping for the blitz diet.
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How might influencers impact young people later in life, girls especially, as they can closely control their diet? 

Guilty over existence

There are worries about “quarantine pounds”, as people have been stuck inside due to COVID-19. Nutritionists are worried that individuals will be more susceptible to weight loss advertisements. The guilt over quarantine pounds stack up, on top of the pre-existing guilt instilled by advertisements.

A poignant way that advertisers promote body shame is “before and after” shots. To show the efficacy of their product or program, diet companies will show the amount of weight lost after using their product. These pictures directly associate the “before” picture with bad or undesirable. People with these bodies are being shamed, and repeatedly seeing those images will have a lasting impression. Especially at the start of the year, when seeing one’s stomach after holiday meals, insecurity digs in. 

These insecurities start young, but it’s not only by influencers. A study of mother-daughter pairs showed that daughters of dieting moms would start dieting before they were eleven. Given how close-quartered people are during quarantine, it’s likely that children will pick up on their family’s habits. Recently, there have been movements to stop mentioning weight around children. Whether the discussion is about the child’s weight or the parent’s, the children pick up on the criticism. Even people who aren’t parents can have a lasting impression. “She said, as if talking to herself, ‘Pretty face… have you ever thought about trying to lose weight?’” wrote a NYT contributor on her teenage experience with a friend’s mother. These comments linger and dig in, and around the holidays, they are especially amplified. 

Hope for body positivity

Very recently, with stars like Lizzo proudly showing their nontraditional bodies, there has been an emphasis on accepting various looks. Plus-size models have made their ways onto catwalks and into major magazines, without necessarily acknowledging that they are plus size. YouTubers have made videos specifically showing how influencers may take their photos, so young girls may feel better about themselves. While the holidays are still bombarded with advertisements and commercials, there are still people reminding you of your worth.

An old newspaper clipping on how to lose weight in 30 days.
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Don’t feel ashamed for enjoying holiday food or eating more during winter! There’s a reason bears hibernate, and given the exhaustion of 2020, I think we all deserve it.

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